Child Care Markets, Parental Labor Supply, and Child Development

14 Dic 2022 - 12:00 / 13:00

405, Viale Romania

Speaker: Luca Flabbi , University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill


Samuel Berlinski (Inter-American Development Bank)
Maria Marta Ferreyra (The World Bank)
Luca Flabbi (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)
Juan David Martin (Banco de la Republica Colombia)


We develop and estimate a model of supply and demand for child care. On the demand side, one- and two-parent households make consumption, labor supply, and childcare decisions. On the supply side, non-parental care providers include child care centers, paid caregivers who operate at the child’s home, and unpaid, informal caregivers. Centers make entry, price, and quality decisions under monopolistic competition. Child development is a function of the time spent with each parent and non-parental care providers; these inputs vary in impact. We estimate the model's structural parameters using the 2003 Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, which contains information on parental employment and wages, child care choices, child development, and center quality. We allow for household locations that differ in size and median family income. We use our estimates to evaluate multiple policies including vouchers, cash transfers, and public provision. Vouchers that can only be used in high-quality centers or that require mothers to work are particularly effective, as they deliver child development gains while increasing mothers' labor supply, thereby limiting policies' fiscal cost.

Keywords: Child Care Markets, Child Care Quality, Early Childhood Development, Female Labor Supply.