Diversity in Schools: Immigrants and the Educational Performance of U.S. Born Students

Mer, 15/12/2021 - 12:00 / 13:00

405, Viale Romania

Speaker: Paola Sapienza , Northwestern University - Kellogg School of Management, Chicago

Authors:

David Figlio (Northwestern University and NBER)

Paola Giuliano (UCLA and NBER)

Riccardo Marchingiglio (Northwestern University)

Umut Ozek (American Institute for Research)

Paola Sapienza (Northwestern University and NBER)

Abstract

We study the effect of exposure to immigrants on the educational outcomes of US-born students, using a unique dataset combining population-level birth and school records from Florida. This research question is complicated by substantial school selection of US-born students, especially among White and comparatively affluent students, in response to the presence of immigrant students in the school. We propose a new identification strategy to partial out the unobserved non-random selection into schools and find that the presence of immigrant students has a positive effect on the academic achievement of US-born students, especially for students from disadvantaged backgrounds. Moreover, the presence of immigrants does not negatively affect the performance of affluent US-born students, who typically show a higher academic achievement compared to immigrant students. We provide suggestive evidence on potential channels.

Further details about the paper at the following link: DiversityinSchools.pdf (northwestern.edu)